Network outline

The Collalto Seismic Network consists of ten seismometric stations and one GNSS permanent geodetic station. Figure 1 shows a map of the network, while Table 1 summarizes its peculiar features.

The network consists of ten seismometric stations with the following features:
• 1 very broad-band and high-dynamics station (ED06);
• 4 broad-band and high-dynamics stations (ED01, ED05, ED07 and ED08);
• 5 broad-band stations (ED02, ED03, ED04, ED09 and ED10).
All the seismometers are installed in well (see Table 1), while the accelerometers are installed at the surface. All the stations were built at sites of private property.

Table 1 shows the dates of beginning operativeness for each station. The network is officially operating from 1/1/2012.

Figure 1a – Map of the Collalto Seismic Network.

Figure 1b –  Map of the Collalto Seismic Network.

Figure 1c –  Map of the Collalto Seismic Network.
Figure 1 – Map of the Collalto Seismic Network. From top to bottom: (a) overall view, (b) monitoring area, and (c) legend. Stations of Collalto Seismic Network are indicated by circles. More details in the legend.

Code Lat Lon Elevation
(m a.s.l.)
Depth of sensor
Start date
45.834582 12.289224 54 155 01/12/2011 Susegana S. Lucia
45.905697 12.103050 205 33 01/12/2011 Farra di Soligo
45.942908 12.227786 235 31.9 01/12/2011 Corbanese
45.899373 12.229493 182 26.9 01/12/2011 S. Maria di Feletto
45.880123 12.253799 110 14.5 01/12/2011 S. Michele di Feletto
45.857011 12.208484 174 5 18/02/2011 Collalto Campo 6
45.822174 12.189355 167 14.5 28/02/2011 Nervesa della Battaglia
45.882510 12.206460 193 14.3 03/03/2011 Collalto Cucco
45.848796 12.231489 105 14.6 28/02/2011 Susegana Castello
45.850026 12.170177 144 13.6 03/03/2011 S. Croce del Montello

Table 1 – Summary of the network stations. Detailed information can be found within the station files.

Stations usually consist of:
• a well equipped by cockpit and with surface access, which houses the borehole sensor;
• a cabinet, placed on the surface, which contains the electrical instrumentation and electronics;
• one or more solar panels to power;
• underground ducts for the connection between the various parts.

All stations are equipped with data tele-transmission devices and GPS antennas, for accurate time synchronization. Power is provided by electric batteries, which usually are charged by solar panels, except for few cases in which they are connected to the electrical network. Electric power is stabilized and protected from surges with appropriate electronic equipment. The cabinet hosts various equipment, such as the seismic acquisition systems, modem/router, equipment supply, battery, switches, etc., as well as the telecommunication and GPS antennas.

In order to reduce the background seismic noise and improve the signal/noise ratio, all seismometric sensors (i.e., the most sensitive ones) have been installed within a well. The depth of the wells varies from about 14 m to 45 m, with the exception of site ED01, located in the plain at the bottom of a 155 m deep well, and site ED06 which has the broad-band sensor.

According to the seismological international standard, site names are named by a 4-digit code, i.e. ED##, where ## represents a two-digit number from 01 to 10. The network has been recorded with EV code (as ED code was not available) at the Federation of Digital Broad-Band Seismograph Networks (FDSN), the international organism which manages the information of digital seismic networks and belongs to the Incorporated Research Institution for Seismology (IRIS). All information on the sites and installed equipment are recorded in the database of the OGS instrumental seismological data, called OASIS. The OASIS database website is freely accesible. Figure 2 shows the OASIS website home page.

Figure 2 –  OASIS web site.
Figure 2 – OASIS website home page.